Agriculture, Agro – Processing, Forestry And Fishing

Investment Opportunity in Providing Grain Dehulling Services in The Agricultural Sector in Nigeria

Nigeria’s climate permits the cultivation of a variety of crops in a pattern that emerged in earlier centuries in response to local conditions. One such category of crops produced are grains. A grain is a small, hard, dry seed, with or without an attached hull or fruit layer, harvested for human or animal consumption. A grain crop is a grain-producing plant. The two main types of commercial grain crops are cereals and legumes.

A grain dehuller or grain husker is an agricultural machine used to automate the process of removing the chaff (the outer husks) of grains. Traditionally, the grains would be pounded using some form of mortar and pestle.

Some grains are dehulled at 60 to 70% effectiveness on the first pass and therefore require several passes through the dehuller, especially if they are soft grains. The dehuller can be used effectively on wheat, millet and buckwheat, but not oats.

Some grains produced in Nigeria includes

Sorghum

Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench) is a cultivated tropical cereal grass. It is generally, although not universally, considered to have first been domesticated in North Africa, possibly in the Nile or Ethiopian regions as recently as 1000 BC1. The cultivation of sorghum played a crucial role in the spread of the Bantu (black) group of people across sub-Saharan Africa.

Today, sorghum is cultivated across the world in the warmer climatic areas. It is quantitatively the world’s fifth largest most important cereal grain, after wheat, maize, rice and barley. In Africa, sorghum is still largely a subsistence food crop, but as report will show it is increasingly forming the foundation of successful food and beverage industries in Nigeria.

Nigeria is the second largest producer of sorghum, with the majority of domestic production used for household consumption/fodder. Sorghum is produced in virtually all the states in Nigeria, though some states produce more than others.

Rice

Paddy Rice is the raw material required in the production of rice. Paddy rice is, for the most part, grown by small farmers in Nigeria; over 30% of rice growers cultivate less than 1 ha, and close to 60% less than 5 ha. Although the paddy harvest rose from under 1 million tons in the 1970s to 4.2 million tons in 2010, production has not kept pace with demand.

Paddy rice is grown in the following states of the federation Anambra, Sokoto, Niger, Ebonyi, Ogun etc

Cowpea

Cowpea grain contains about 25% protein, and 64% carbohydrate and its potential in the alleviation of malnutrition among resource poor farmers is inestimable. Cowpea flour is used in the preparation of akara (fried cowpea paste), danwake (cowpea dumplings) and moin-moin (steamed cowpea paste) and surely provides working mother the opportunity to prepare this favorite meal with the comfort it provides. Some of the cowpea producing states in Nigeria include Kano, Kaduna, Gombe, Zamfara etc

Some of states that sorghum in large quantity in Nigeria includes Plateau, Kano, Kaduna, Sokoto, Gombe, Bauchi, Zamfara, Benue, Kogi, Nassarawa and Taraba. The raw materials are also readily available.

There is enormous demand of dehulling Machine in both Nigeria market as there a number of grains from the farm that needs the service. Nigeria produces in commercial quantities grains like sorghum, maize, rice etc.

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Foraminifera Market Research Limited (www.foramfera.com) is part of a family of businesses, which includes several brands such as

Hausworth Nigeria Limited owners of

365 Home Improvement — www.365homeimprovement.com (Nigeria’s One Stop Home Improvement Portal)
365 Property Portal — www.365propertyportal.com (Property listing, building materials sales and movers in Nigeria)

Kyneli Business Support Services owners of

www.365campaigner.com

365 Campaigner is a complete suite of social collaboration, communication and management tools for your team. From List building solution to event announcement and CRM, 365 Campaigner provides everything you need to boost sales, step up productivity and manage all day-to-day activities.

365 Campaign is the one stop shop for digital marketing solutions for businesses, politicians, religious organizations and individuals.
—————————————————————————————————————————————————————–

At Foraminifera Market Research (www.foramfera.com), we provide bespoke and up to date market research reports. Our reports are designed to assist start-ups to understand the legal and financial requirements of starting the business, the market trends vis-a-vis demand and supply, competition, risk identification and mitigation strategies.

RICE MILLING AND PACKAGING IN NIGERIA; THE FEASIBILITY REPORT
COWPEA FLOUR PRODUCTION IN NIGERIA; THE FEASIBILITY REPORT
MAIZE FLOUR, GERM AND GRIT PRODUCTION IN NIGERIA; THE FEASIBILITY REPORT
SOY MILK PRODUCTION IN NIGERIA; THE FEASIBILITY REPORT
SOY FLOUR PRODUCTION IN NIGERIA; THE FEASIBILITY REPORT
SOYA OIL AND CAKE PRODUCTION IN NIGERIA; THE FEASIBILITY REPORT
FULL FAT SOYA PRODUCTION IN NIGERIA; THE FEASIBILITY REPORT
SOYA BEANS EXPORT IN NIGERIA; THE FEASIBILITY REPORT
SOY-DAWADAWA PRODUCTION IN NIGERIA; THE FEASIBILITY REPORT

Access our other Market Research Reports or investment opportunities in Nigeria by clicking on the link below

MARKET RESEARCH REPORTS IN NIGERIA
INVESTMENT OPPORTUNITIES IN NIGERIA

Do you require a business plan or feasibility report on the subject matter? Contact us with any of the details provided below to arrange a meeting

Office Phone Number: 01- 295 24 13 (Monday – Saturday; 8 am – 5 pm)

Mobile Number: +234 (0) 8033782777;+ 234 (0) 908 335 7733 (Monday – Saturday; 8 am – 6 pm)

E-Mail Address: enquiries@foramfera.com

CC: foraminiferamarketresearch@yahoo.com

Office Address:

61-65 Egbe- Isolo Road,

Iyana Ejigbo Shopping Arcade,

Block C, Suite 39,

Iyana Ejigbo Bus Stop,

Ejigbo, Lagos.

Soy-Bean Cultivation and Soy Oil Production in Nigeria; The Opportunity.

Soybean is an important source of high quality and inexpensive protein and oil. With an average protein content of 40% and oil content of 20%, soybean has the highest protein content of all food crops and is second only to groundnuts in terms of oil content amongst food legumes. When compared with other grains, soya bean is fortified with the highest level of protein as it contains all the essential amino acid required for human development. It is also rich in mineral, vitamins and fiber.

There are numerous varieties of soya bean ideal for different climates and vegetation belt but the most common varieties are TGX 1448-2E, TGX 1485-ID and TGX 1835-10E. These varieties can be purchased from seed companies or from the Ministry of Agriculture where its viability, freedom from disease and pest is guaranteed.

Before sowing, the seeds should be treated with captan (at the rate of 1 sachet/8 kg of seeds) before planting for protection against soil-borne fungal diseases.) to keep them safe from soil borne diseases. Soybean seeds easily lose their viability. It is common for soybean, even when stored properly, not to germinate after 12 –15 months in storage. Therefore, use seeds that are not more than 12 months old to ensure good germination.

Sort out the good seeds for planting to ensure that they are free from insects, disease infestation, and weed seeds. Do not purchase seeds from the open market as the germination potential is not guaranteed.

Sow soybean by hand, planter, or by drilling. Plant 3 to 4 seeds/hole at a spacing of 75 cm between rows and 10 cm between stands. Alternatively, drill seeds at 50–75 cm between rows and 5 cm within rows.

For the early maturing varieties, a spacing of 50 cm between rows and 5–10 cm within rows is recommended because they respond better to narrow spacing than the late-maturing varieties. Do not sow seeds more than 2–5 cm deep. Deeper planting may result in loss of vigor or failure of seedlings to emerge.

Soybean matures within 3–4 months after planting and requires timely harvesting to check excessive yield losses. At maturity, the pod is straw-colored. It is recommended that soybean be harvested when about 85% of the pods have turned brown for a non-shattering variety but 80% for shattering varieties.

Soybean seed contains about 20% oil. To extract soybean oil from seed, the soybeans are cracked, adjusted for moisture content, rolled into flakes and solvent-extracted with commercial hexane.

“Oil” is a collective term for more or less viscous, generally organic-chemical liquids. Depending on their chemical composition, a distinction may be drawn between fatty, essential, mineral and silicone oils. Fatty oils include liquid, semisolid and solid products of vegetable and animal origin.

Vegetable oil is a white to yellowish oil of vegetable origin which is solid at normal temperatures and is obtained from the milling of soya bean seeds. It is one of the best oils. Soya bean cake is gotten as a bye-product. They form a very important part of the feeds of animal.

The market for vegetable oil and soya bean cake is national. With a population of over 165 million people and an estimated national population growth rate of 5.7% per annum, an average economic growth rate of 3.5% per annum in the past five {5} years, Nigeria has a large market for edible oil.

The demand is high but local supply low hence the need for importation in the past. Industry data suggest that Nigerian consumers use more than one million {1,000,000} tones of vegetable oil annually.

In 2005, in order to stimulate local production and attain self-sufficiency in vegetable oil production, the government introduced the presidential initiative on the development of edible oil over a period not exceeding three (3) years.

Under this initiative, attention was focused on the promotion of eleven scheduled oil seed crops which are oil palm seed, groundnut seed, Soya beans seed, cotton seed etc and production target was set for each of the crops under the programme as follow

1. Oil Palm: 1 million hectares capacity of producing 15 million fresh fruit bunches
2. Groundnut: 15 million tons annually
3. Soya beans: 670,000 1 million tons per annum
4. Seed Cotton: 1 million tons over the plan period

After several years of the initiative, the domestic edible oil demand far exceeds the national production. The short fall in supply is estimated at about 300,000 tons per year.

From the above figures, it is clear that there is a large and sustainable market for vegetable oil in Nigeria.

—————————————————————————————————————————————————————-
Foraminifera Market Research Limited (www.foramfera.com) is part of a family of businesses, which includes several brands such as

Hausworth Nigeria Limited owners of

365 Home Improvement — www.365homeimprovement.com (Nigeria’s One Stop Home Improvement Portal)
365 Property Portal — www.365propertyportal.com (Property listing, building materials sales and movers in Nigeria)

Kyneli Business Support Services owners of

www.365campaigner.com

365 Campaigner is a complete suite of social collaboration, communication and management tools for your team. From List building solution to event announcement and CRM, 365 Campaigner provides everything you need to boost sales, step up productivity and manage all day-to-day activities.

365 Campaign is the one stop shop for digital marketing solutions for businesses, politicians, religious organizations and individuals.
—————————————————————————————————————————————————————–

At Foraminifera Market Research (www.foramfera.com), we provide bespoke and up to date market research reports. Our reports are designed to assist start-ups to understand the legal and financial requirements of starting the business, the market trends vis-a-vis demand and supply, competition, risk identification and mitigation strategies.

You can purchase our reports on the following subject matter
SOY MILK PRODUCTION IN NIGERIA; THE FEASIBILITY REPORT
SOY FLOUR PRODUCTION IN NIGERIA; THE FEASIBILITY REPORT
SOYA OIL AND CAKE PRODUCTION IN NIGERIA; THE FEASIBILITY REPORT
FULL FAT SOYA PRODUCTION IN NIGERIA; THE FEASIBILITY REPORT
SOYA BEANS EXPORT IN NIGERIA; THE FEASIBILITY REPORT
SOY-DAWADAWA PRODUCTION IN NIGERIA; THE FEASIBILITY REPORT

Access our other Market Research Reports or investment opportunities in Nigeria by clicking on the link below

MARKET RESEARCH REPORTS IN NIGERIA
INVESTMENT OPPORTUNITIES IN NIGERIA

Do you require a business plan or feasibility report on the subject matter? Contact us with any of the details provided below to arrange a meeting

Office Phone Number: 01- 295 24 13 (Monday – Saturday; 8 am – 5 pm)

Mobile Number: +234 (0) 8033782777;+ 234 (0) 908 335 7733 (Monday – Saturday; 8 am – 6 pm)

E-Mail Address: enquiries@foramfera.com

CC: foraminiferamarketresearch@yahoo.com

Office Address:

61-65 Egbe- Isolo Road,

Iyana Ejigbo Shopping Arcade,

Block C, Suite 39,

Iyana Ejigbo Bus Stop,

Ejigbo, Lagos.

Soy-Bean Cultivation and Soy Milk Production in Nigeria; The Opportunity.

Soy milk is a plant-based drink produced by soaking dried soybeans, grinding them in water, boiling the mixture, and filtering out the residues.
The major raw material required for the production of soy milk is soya bean seed. It must be free from microbial or insect damage.

Soya bean is a leguminous tropical plant cultivated for its seeds which is rich in high quality protein. When compared with other grains, soya bean is fortified with the highest level of protein as it contains all the essential amino acid required for human development. It is also rich in mineral, vitamins and fiber.

There are numerous varieties of soya bean ideal for different climates and vegetation belt but the most common varieties are TGX 1448-2E, TGX 1485-ID and TGX 1835-10E. These varieties can be purchased from seed companies or from the Ministry of Agriculture where its viability, freedom from disease and pest is guaranteed.

Before sowing, the seeds should be treated with captan (at the rate of 1 sachet/8 kg of seeds) before planting for protection against soil-borne fungal diseases.) to keep them safe from soil borne diseases. Soybean seeds easily lose their viability. It is common for soybean, even when stored properly, not to germinate after 12 –15 months in storage. Therefore, use seeds that are not more than 12 months old to ensure good germination.

Sort out the good seeds for planting to ensure that they are free from insects, disease infestation, and weed seeds. Do not purchase seeds from the open market as the germination potential is not guaranteed.

Sow soybean by hand, planter, or by drilling. Plant 3 to 4 seeds/hole at a spacing of 75 cm between rows and 10 cm between stands. Alternatively, drill seeds at 50–75 cm between rows and 5 cm within rows.

For the early maturing varieties, a spacing of 50 cm between rows and 5–10 cm within rows is recommended because they respond better to narrow spacing than the late-maturing varieties. Do not sow seeds more than 2–5 cm deep. Deeper planting may result in loss of vigor or failure of seedlings to emerge.

Soybean matures within 3–4 months after planting and requires timely harvesting to check excessive yield losses. At maturity, the pod is straw-colored. It is recommended that soybean be harvested when about 85% of the pods have turned brown for a non-shattering variety but 80% for shattering varieties.

Nigeria is the largest producer and consumer of soya bean in sub-Saharan Africa and it’s predominantly produced inthe following states Benue, Niger and Nassarawa. The harvest period for Soya beans is between September and December but is readily available all through the year.

Some of the machinery and equipment required for soy milk production includes a Destoning Machine, Aspirator, Hammer mill (Wet Milling), Steam Jacketted Kettle for cooking & Blanching, Extractor – vibro sieve/Screen Filter, Pasteurizer with Mixer, Holding /Processing Tank (Stainless Steel), Automatic filling machine, Shrink Wrapper Machine, Weighing Machine, Accessories, Corking Machine, Generator, Project Vehicle and Wood Pallets.

There is a huge demand for Soy milk in Nigeria market and international market most especially ECOWAS sub-region, as a result of numerous and essential nutrients imbibed in Soy milk. Soya milk can also be served at occasions, such as naming, wedding, burial, house warming, seminars, workshops, conferences, birth day celebration and so on, just like normal fruit juices and wines which are being served at occasions. Soy milk could be a good substitute for juices and wines.

The national annual demand for Soy milk is estimated at 510 million liters while the supply is less than 25% of the demand. Most popular brand of Soy milk in Nigerian markets is Vita milk. The common packaging material for Soy milk in Nigerian market is Glass bottle.

—————————————————————————————————————————————————————-
Foraminifera Market Research Limited (www.foramfera.com) is part of a family of businesses, which includes several brands such as

Hausworth Nigeria Limited owners of

365 Home Improvement — www.365homeimprovement.com (Nigeria’s One Stop Home Improvement Portal)
365 Property Portal — www.365propertyportal.com (Property listing, building materials sales and movers in Nigeria)

Kyneli Business Support Services owners of

www.365campaigner.com

365 Campaigner is a complete suite of social collaboration, communication and management tools for your team. From List building solution to event announcement and CRM, 365 Campaigner provides everything you need to boost sales, step up productivity and manage all day-to-day activities.

365 Campaign is the one stop shop for digital marketing solutions for businesses, politicians, religious organizations and individuals.
—————————————————————————————————————————————————————–

At Foraminifera Market Research (www.foramfera.com), we provide bespoke and up to date market research reports. Our reports are designed to assist start-ups to understand the legal and financial requirements of starting the business, the market trends vis-a-vis demand and supply, competition, risk identification and mitigation strategies.

You can purchase our reports on the following subject matter
SOY MILK PRODUCTION IN NIGERIA; THE FEASIBILITY REPORT
SOY FLOUR PRODUCTION IN NIGERIA; THE FEASIBILITY REPORT
SOYA OIL AND CAKE PRODUCTION IN NIGERIA; THE FEASIBILITY REPORT
FULL FAT SOYA PRODUCTION IN NIGERIA; THE FEASIBILITY REPORT
SOYA BEANS EXPORT IN NIGERIA; THE FEASIBILITY REPORT
SOY-DAWADAWA PRODUCTION IN NIGERIA; THE FEASIBILITY REPORT

Access our other Market Research Reports or investment opportunities in Nigeria by clicking on the link below

MARKET RESEARCH REPORTS IN NIGERIA
INVESTMENT OPPORTUNITIES IN NIGERIA

Do you require a business plan or feasibility report on the subject matter? Contact us with any of the details provided below to arrange a meeting

Office Phone Number: 01- 295 24 13 (Monday – Saturday; 8 am – 5 pm)

Mobile Number: +234 (0) 8033782777;+ 234 (0) 908 335 7733 (Monday – Saturday; 8 am – 6 pm)

E-Mail Address: enquiries@foramfera.com

CC: foraminiferamarketresearch@yahoo.com

Office Address:

61-65 Egbe- Isolo Road,

Iyana Ejigbo Shopping Arcade,

Block C, Suite 39,

Iyana Ejigbo Bus Stop,

Ejigbo, Lagos.

Soy-Bean Cultivation and Full Fat Soya Production in Nigeria; The Opportunity

Soybean (U.S.) or soya bean (UK) (Glycine max) is a species of legume native to East Asia, widely grown for its edible bean which has numerous uses. The plant is classed as an oilseed rather than a pulse by the Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO).

Fat-free (defatted) soybean meal is a significant and cheap source of protein for animal feeds and many prepackaged meals;soy vegetable oil is another product of processing the soybean crop. For example, soybean products such as textured vegetable protein (TVP) are ingredients in many meat and dairy analogues. Soybeans produce significantly more protein per acre than most other uses of land.

Nigeria presently produces about 500,000 MT of Soybean annually making it the largest producer of the product on the African continent. Soybean is a legume which is produced in most the middle belt of the country with Benue state accounting for about 45% of the total production in country.

There are numerous varieties of soya bean ideal for different climates and vegetation belt but the most common varieties are TGX 1448-2E, TGX 1485-ID and TGX 1835-10E. These varieties can be purchased from seed companies or from the Ministry of Agriculture where its viability, freedom from disease and pest is guaranteed.

Before sowing, the seeds should be treated with captan (at the rate of 1 sachet/8 kg of seeds) before planting for protection against soil-borne fungal diseases.) to keep them safe from soil borne diseases. Soybean seeds easily lose their viability. It is common for soybean, even when stored properly, not to germinate after 12 –15 months in storage. Therefore, use seeds that are not more than 12 months old to ensure good germination.

Sort out the good seeds for planting to ensure that they are free from insects, disease infestation, and weed seeds. Do not purchase seeds from the open market as the germination potential is not guaranteed.

Sow soybean by hand, planter, or by drilling. Plant 3 to 4 seeds/hole at a spacing of 75 cm between rows and 10 cm between stands. Alternatively, drill seeds at 50–75 cm between rows and 5 cm within rows.

For the early maturing varieties, a spacing of 50 cm between rows and 5–10 cm within rows is recommended because they respond better to narrow spacing than the late-maturing varieties. Do not sow seeds more than 2–5 cm deep. Deeper planting may result in loss of vigor or failure of seedlings to emerge.

Soybean matures within 3–4 months after planting and requires timely harvesting to check excessive yield losses. At maturity, the pod is straw-colored. It is recommended that soybean be harvested when about 85% of the pods have turned brown for a non-shattering variety but 80% for shattering varieties.

Soybean prior to oil extraction is referred to as Full Fat Soybean. Full Fat Soybean meal is an adequately heat processed whole soybean. It contains complete amount of oil and protein naturally present in soybeans. They valued as a good poultry feed ingredient owing to its high oil (18%) and protein (38%) content.
Full fat soybean meal is different from regular Soybean Meal in that it has a full fat complement. Full fat Soybean has not been solvent extracted and it is often used as an energy source or for general balancing of the formula.

Nigeria’s installed annual soybean crushing capacity is estimated at approximately 600,000 MT. An estimated 255,000 tons of soybeans were crushed in MY2010/11, representing only 42 percent of installed processing capacity. Eight large processors account for nearly 60 percent of Nigeria’s soybean crushing industry.

Industry sources forecast crushing to rise to 271,000 tons in MY2011/12 on account of the anticipated increased soybeans production. Soybeans are crushed to obtain oil (for industrial and refined for food use) and soybean meal/cake for animal feed.

The demand for FFS exceeds supply owing to its importance as a constituent of animal feeds all over the world e.g. Broilers eat broiler mash which must contain 55% FFS to take care of animal’s energy and protein needs. Nigeria with a population of over 165 million people is a large market for poultry, swine and fish products which automatically creates a market for the food being eaten by these animals.

—————————————————————————————————————————————————————-
Foraminifera Market Research Limited (www.foramfera.com) is part of a family of businesses, which includes several brands such as

Hausworth Nigeria Limited owners of

365 Home Improvement — www.365homeimprovement.com (Nigeria’s One Stop Home Improvement Portal)
365 Property Portal — www.365propertyportal.com (Property listing, building materials sales and movers in Nigeria)

Kyneli Business Support Services owners of

www.365campaigner.com

365 Campaigner is a complete suite of social collaboration, communication and management tools for your team. From List building solution to event announcement and CRM, 365 Campaigner provides everything you need to boost sales, step up productivity and manage all day-to-day activities.

365 Campaign is the one stop shop for digital marketing solutions for businesses, politicians, religious organizations and individuals.
—————————————————————————————————————————————————————–

At Foraminifera Market Research (www.foramfera.com), we provide bespoke and up to date market research reports. Our reports are designed to assist start-ups to understand the legal and financial requirements of starting the business, the market trends vis-a-vis demand and supply, competition, risk identification and mitigation strategies.

You can purchase our reports on the following subject matter
SOY MILK PRODUCTION IN NIGERIA; THE FEASIBILITY REPORT
SOY FLOUR PRODUCTION IN NIGERIA; THE FEASIBILITY REPORT
SOYA OIL AND CAKE PRODUCTION IN NIGERIA; THE FEASIBILITY REPORT
FULL FAT SOYA PRODUCTION IN NIGERIA; THE FEASIBILITY REPORT
SOYA BEANS EXPORT IN NIGERIA; THE FEASIBILITY REPORT
SOY-DAWADAWA PRODUCTION IN NIGERIA; THE FEASIBILITY REPORT

Access our other Market Research Reports or investment opportunities in Nigeria by clicking on the link below

MARKET RESEARCH REPORTS IN NIGERIA
INVESTMENT OPPORTUNITIES IN NIGERIA

Do you require a business plan or feasibility report on the subject matter? Contact us with any of the details provided below to arrange a meeting

Office Phone Number: 01- 295 24 13 (Monday – Saturday; 8 am – 5 pm)

Mobile Number: +234 (0) 8033782777;+ 234 (0) 908 335 7733 (Monday – Saturday; 8 am – 6 pm)

E-Mail Address: enquiries@foramfera.com

CC: foraminiferamarketresearch@yahoo.com

Office Address:

61-65 Egbe- Isolo Road,

Iyana Ejigbo Shopping Arcade,

Block C, Suite 39,

Iyana Ejigbo Bus Stop,

Ejigbo, Lagos.

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