Agriculture, Agro – Processing, Forestry And Fishing

Soy-Bean Cultivation and Soy-Flour Production in Nigeria; The Opportunity.

Soya bean is one of the most common food crops grown and consumed in many parts of Africa. Soy bean (Glycine Max) is classified as an oilseed rather than a pulse. It is a species of legume native to East Asia (China) and still remains a major crop there till today. Prior to its use for fermented food products, soybean was considered sacred for use in crop rotation as a method of fixing nitrogen. The bean on dry weight basis is 29% oil, 40% protein, 35% carbohydrate and about 5% ash. Its protein is heat stable, thus allowing it to withstand high temperature during cooking.

Soy bean was introduced into Nigeria in 1908; it was first planted in Ibadan, Oyo State. Initially the crop was cultivated for export with the support and encouragement of Groundnut Board. Nigeria presently produces about 500,000 MT of Soybean annually making it the largest producer of the product on the African continent. Soybean is a legume which is produced in most the middle belt of the country with Benue state accounting for about 45% of the total production in country.

There are numerous varieties of soya bean ideal for different climates and vegetation belt but the most common varieties are TGX 1448-2E, TGX 1485-ID and TGX 1835-10E. These varieties can be purchased from seed companies or from the Ministry of Agriculture where its viability, freedom from disease and pest is guaranteed.

Before sowing, the seeds should be treated with captan (at the rate of 1 sachet/8 kg of seeds) before planting for protection against soil-borne fungal diseases.) to keep them safe from soil borne diseases. Soybean seeds easily lose their viability. It is common for soybean, even when stored properly, not to germinate after 12 –15 months in storage. Therefore, use seeds that are not more than 12 months old to ensure good germination.

Sort out the good seeds for planting to ensure that they are free from insects, disease infestation, and weed seeds. Do not purchase seeds from the open market as the germination potential is not guaranteed.

Sow soybean by hand, planter, or by drilling. Plant 3 to 4 seeds/hole at a spacing of 75 cm between rows and 10 cm between stands. Alternatively, drill seeds at 50–75 cm between rows and 5 cm within rows.

For the early maturing varieties, a spacing of 50 cm between rows and 5–10 cm within rows is recommended because they respond better to narrow spacing than the late-maturing varieties. Do not sow seeds more than 2–5 cm deep. Deeper planting may result in loss of vigor or failure of seedlings to emerge.

Soybean matures within 3–4 months after planting and requires timely harvesting to check excessive yield losses. At maturity, the pod is straw-colored. It is recommended that soybean be harvested when about 85% of the pods have turned brown for a non-shattering variety but 80% for shattering varieties.

Soy flour, derived from ground soybeans, boosts protein, brings moisture to baked goods, and provides the basis for some soymilks and textured vegetable protein. This versatile ingredient improves taste and texture of many common foods and often reduces the fat absorbed in fried foods. The taste of soy flour varies from a “beany” flavor to a sweet and mild flavor, depending on how it is processed.

Some of the machinery and equipment required for soy flour production includes Destoning Machine, Aspirator, Hammer mill (Wet Milling), Steam Jacketted Kettle for cooking & Blanching, Extractor – vibro sieve/Screen Filter, Cabinet Dryer, Holding /Processing Tank (Stainless Steel), Automatic filling Packaging machine, Cracker/Disc Mill, Weighing Machine, Generator and Project Vehicle.

There is enormous demand for Soy Flour in both Nigeria market and international market, as a result of its numerous and essential nutrients present.

Soy flour can be used to thicken gravies and cream sauces, to make homemade soy-milk, or add it to a variety of baked goods. Soy flour gives home baked goods protein boost.

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Foraminifera Market Research Limited (www.foramfera.com) is part of a family of businesses, which includes several brands such as

Hausworth Nigeria Limited owners of

365 Home Improvement — www.365homeimprovement.com (Nigeria’s One Stop Home Improvement Portal)
365 Property Portal — www.365propertyportal.com (Property listing, building materials sales and movers in Nigeria)

Kyneli Business Support Services owners of

www.365campaigner.com

365 Campaigner is a complete suite of social collaboration, communication and management tools for your team. From List building solution to event announcement and CRM, 365 Campaigner provides everything you need to boost sales, step up productivity and manage all day-to-day activities.

365 Campaign is the one stop shop for digital marketing solutions for businesses, politicians, religious organizations and individuals.
—————————————————————————————————————————————————————–

At Foraminifera Market Research (www.foramfera.com), we provide bespoke and up to date market research reports. Our reports are designed to assist start-ups to understand the legal and financial requirements of starting the business, the market trends vis-a-vis demand and supply, competition, risk identification and mitigation strategies.

You can purchase our reports on the following subject matter
SOY MILK PRODUCTION IN NIGERIA; THE FEASIBILITY REPORT
SOY FLOUR PRODUCTION IN NIGERIA; THE FEASIBILITY REPORT
SOYA OIL AND CAKE PRODUCTION IN NIGERIA; THE FEASIBILITY REPORT
FULL FAT SOYA PRODUCTION IN NIGERIA; THE FEASIBILITY REPORT
SOYA BEANS EXPORT IN NIGERIA; THE FEASIBILITY REPORT
SOY-DAWADAWA PRODUCTION IN NIGERIA; THE FEASIBILITY REPORT

Access our other Market Research Reports or investment opportunities in Nigeria by clicking on the link below

MARKET RESEARCH REPORTS IN NIGERIA
INVESTMENT OPPORTUNITIES IN NIGERIA

Do you require a business plan or feasibility report on the subject matter? Contact us with any of the details provided below to arrange a meeting

Office Phone Number: 01- 295 24 13 (Monday – Saturday; 8 am – 5 pm)

Mobile Number: +234 (0) 8033782777;+ 234 (0) 908 335 7733 (Monday – Saturday; 8 am – 6 pm)

E-Mail Address: enquiries@foramfera.com

CC: foraminiferamarketresearch@yahoo.com

Office Address:

61-65 Egbe- Isolo Road,

Iyana Ejigbo Shopping Arcade,

Block C, Suite 39,

Iyana Ejigbo Bus Stop,

Ejigbo, Lagos.

Essential Oil Production in Nigeria; The Opportunities.

An essential oil is a concentrated hydrophobic liquid containing volatile aroma compounds from plants. Essential oils are also known as volatile oils, ethereal oils, aetherolea, or simply as the oil of the plant from which they were extracted, such as oil of clove.

Essential oils have been used for thousands of years in various cultures for medicinal and health purposes. Essential oil uses range from aromatherapy, household cleaning products, personal beauty care and natural medicine treatments.

The particles in essential oils come from distilling or extracting the different parts of plants, including the flowers, leaves, bark, roots, resin and peels. In ancient times, Jews and Egyptians made essential oils by soaking the plants in oil and then filtering the oil through a linen bag.

Essential oil benefits come from their antioxidant, antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory properties. These healing oils are rapidly growing in popularity because they act as natural medicine without any side effects.

As odorants, they are used in perfumes, lotions and other cosmetics, soaps, detergents, and other products ranging from animal feed to insecticides. As flavorants, they are present in a wide variety of foods, including soft drinks, baked products, ice creams, candy, confections, etc. As pharmaceutical ingredients, essential oils are used in dental products such as toothpaste, aromatherapy and phytotherapy products, and a large number of medicines.

There are more than 90 essential oils, and each has its own health benefits. Most essential oils blend well with other essential oils in terms of function and odor, which allows herbalists to prepare a vast repertoire of aromatic essential oil combinations.

Below is a list of essential oils that are currently being widely used and their application

Peppermint: Wonderful for digestive/respiratory function, energy, cooling, etc
Eucalyptus: Supports healthy respiration, skin, cleansing, etc
Ginger: Digestive support, grounding, cooking, antioxidant, etc
Orange: Emotional balance, overall health, cleansing/purifying, antioxidants, etc.
Peppermint: Wonderful for digestive/respiratory function, energy, cooling, etc
Lemon: For increasing energy, digestive and respiratory support, cleaning, etc
Lemongrass: Healthy digestion, supports muscles and joints, complexion, insects, etc
Lime: Cleans, detoxifies, energizes, healthy immune function, etc
Clove: Promotes cardiovascular health, oral health, immune health, etc
Black Pepper: Antioxidant; supports healthy circulation, flavoring, etc
Cardamom: Supports healthy digestion, respiratory health, cooking, etc

The process technology involves the following basic operations:

Drying: The raw materials is dried.
Weighing: The materials are weighed
Distillation: It involves extraction of the oil through steam distillation which forces the tiny intercellular pockets that hold the essential oils to open and release them.
Separation: The essential oil is separated the from the water, the film is then decanted or skimmed off the top.
Packaging: The essential oil is packaged appropriately ready for market.

In Nigeria, the currently industrial demand for essential oil is met through import. The market for essential oil is National. With a population of over 165 million people, estimated national population growth rate of 5.7% per annum and an average economic growth rate of 3.5 % in the past five (5) years, Nigeria has a large ,expanding and sustainable market for essential.

The demand for the various types of essential oils is increasing with the expansion and establishment of the food, soft drinks, alcoholic drinks, pharmaceuticals and cosmetics industry and various chemical industries.

———————————————————————————————————————
Foraminifera Market Research Limited (www.foramfera.com) is part of a family of businesses, which includes several brands such as

Hausworth Nigeria Limited owners of

365 Home Improvement — www.365homeimprovement.com (Nigeria’s One Stop Home Improvement Portal)
365 Property Portal — www.365propertyportal.com (Property listing, building materials sales and movers in Nigeria)

Kyneli Business Support Services owners of

www.365campaigner.com

365 Campaigner is a complete suite of social collaboration, communication and management tools for your team. From List building solution to event announcement and CRM, 365 Campaigner provides everything you need to boost sales, step up productivity and manage all day-to-day activities.

365 Campaign is the one stop shop for digital marketing solutions for businesses, politicians, religious organizations and individuals.
———————————————————————————————————————

At Foraminifera Market Research (www.foramfera.com), we provide bespoke and up to date market research reports. Our reports are designed to assist start-ups to understand the legal and financial requirements of starting the business, the market trends vis-a-vis demand and supply, competition, risk identification and mitigation strategies.

Access our other Market Research Reports or investment opportunities in Nigeria by clicking on the link below

MARKET RESEARCH REPORTS IN NIGERIA
INVESTMENT OPPORTUNITIES IN NIGERIA

Do you require a business plan or feasibility report on the subject matter? Contact us with any of the details provided below to arrange a meeting

Office Phone Number: 01- 295 24 13 (Monday – Saturday; 8 am – 5 pm)

Mobile Number: +234 (0) 8033782777;+ 234 (0) 908 335 7733 (Monday – Saturday; 8 am – 6 pm)

E-Mail Address: enquiries@foramfera.com

CC: foraminiferamarketresearch@yahoo.com

Office Address:

61-65 Egbe- Isolo Road,

Iyana Ejigbo Shopping Arcade,

Block C, Suite 39,

Iyana Ejigbo Bus Stop,

Ejigbo, Lagos.

Yam Cultivation and Yam Flour Production in Nigeria; The Opportunities.

Yam (Dioscorea spp.) is a very important common food crop in West Africa. Beyond its food and nutritious values, the ownership and cultivation of yam have many cultural, religious, and social meanings, which may vary between specific ethnic groups and regional areas.

Yam, a tropical crop in the genus Dioscorea, has as many as 600 species out of which six are economically important staple species. These are: Dioscorea rotundata (white guinea yam), Dioscorea alata (yellow yam), Dioscorea bulbifera (aerial yam), Dioscorea esculant (Chinese yam) and Dioscorea dumetorum (trifoliate yam). Out of these, Dioscorea rotundata (white yam) and Dioscorea alata (water yam) are the most common species in Nigeria. Yams are grown in the coastal region in rain forests, wood savanna and southern savanna habitats.

Nigeria, West Africa produces yam in vast quantity and is accounting for about 70% of the world’s total yam production. It is mostly grown in Benue, taraba, Cross River, Adamawa, Delta, Ekiti, Imo, Edo, Kaduna, Ogun, Kwara, Ondo, Osun, Plateau and Oyo.

Yams are starchy staples in the form of large tubers produced by annual and perennial vines grown in Africa, the Americas, the Caribbean, South Pacific and Asia. Yams are primary agricultural commodities and major staple crops in Africa, where yam cultivation began 11,000 years ago.

The world production of yam was estimated at 28.1 million tons in 1993. 96% of this came from West Africa, the main producers being; Nigeria, the world’s largest yam producer with 71% of world production; Côte d’Ivoire 8.1%; Benin 4.3% and Ghana 3.5% In the humid tropical countries of West Africa yams are one of the most highly regarded food products and are closely integrated into the social, cultural, economic and religious aspects of life.

Worldwide yam production in 2007 amounted to 52 million tons, of which Africa produced 96%. Most of the world’s production comes from West Africa representing 94%, with Nigeria alone producing 71%, equalling more than 37 million tons.

To set up a yam farm in Nigeria, one has to take the following steps

1. Select Farm
2. Land Preparation
3. Planting
4. Agricultural Practice (weeding,mulching,fertilizer application etc)
5. Harvesting and Storage
6. Processing

Yam basically undergoes two phases namely growth and dormant phases. The growth phase occurs for about six to ten months depending on the species and then slowed down for two to four month, the slowing down process is called the dormant phases, these phases occur in the wet and dry season respectively.

Depending on the species, yam grows for six to ten months and is dormant for two to four months, these two phases usually corresponding to the wet season and the dry season. In West and Central Africa tubers are planted between February and April, depending on whether in humid forest or on the savanna. For maximum yield the yam requires an annual rainfall of over 1,500 mm distributed uniformly throughout the growing season. White, yellow and water yams normally produce annually a single large tuber, often weighing 5-10 kg.

Planting is done by seed yam or cut setts from ware tubers. The tubers are treated with wood ash or fungicide. Mulching is essential during October – November with dry grass or plant debris. Stakes of are used for staking the plants to vine over it.

Instant pounded yam flour, a product gotten from the processing of yam tubers is a very important staple food item in Nigeria. It is one of the food items that defy socio-economic class, religious and ethnic boundaries, it is doubtful if it is not eaten daily in one of every ten homes in the country.
The average consumption rate of yam and it bye-products in Nigeria is estimated at 0.5 – 1.0 kg daily.

Yam flour is a creamy-white, granular flour with a slightly fermented flavour and a slightly sour taste made from fermented, gelatinized fresh yam tubers. Yam flour is used in the preparation of poundo yam.

It is a cherished delicacy when served in the form of “Samolina” or “Samovita”, with well-prepared soup. Apart from serving as food, it has a lot of industrial uses. It is used in production of all-purpose-adhesives. The adhesives are used by producers of cartons, packaging companies and lather and shoe producers. The all-purpose adhesives is produced with yam or cassava starch.

Some industries particularly in Europe use yam flour in preparation of high quality biscuits, bread, cakes to mention but few.

The process technology for the production of instant pounded yam flour is given below

Yam Selection

The yam is sorted to select whole some tubers suitable for production of instant pounded yam flour. The matured white varieties are the most suitable yam for instant pounded yam flour production.

Weighing

The selected yam tubers are weighed accurately.

Washing

The tubers are properly washed to remove sand and other debris.

Peeling and Slicing

The washed yam tubers are peeled. This is followed by slicing operation to obtain yam slices of desired thickness.

Parboiling

The sliced yam is blanched in boiling water over a period of time depending on the thickness of the slices.

Drying

The parboiled yam slices are dried in a suitable dryer at a specified drying temperature and time.

Milling

The dried yam chips are milled directly into flour of uniform particle size.

Packaging

The instant pounded yam is packaged in moisture proof packaging materials

The market for instant pounded yam flour is National. With a population of over 165 million people, estimated national population growth rate of 5.7% per annum and an average economic growth rate of 3.5 % in the past five (5) years, Nigeria has a large ,expanding and sustainable market for instant pounded yam flour.

There is high demand for instant pounded yam flour in both the domestic and international markets. In the international market, a large market exists in Europe and America where a good number of Nigerians reside.

The national demand for instant pounded yam flour is estimated at 165,000 tonnes per annum while the current supply level is less than 25% of the demand estimate.

It consumption cuts across every strata of the society both the rich and poor.

———————————————————————————————————————
Foraminifera Market Research Limited (www.foramfera.com) is part of a family of businesses, which includes several brands such as

Hausworth Nigeria Limited owners of

365 Home Improvement — www.365homeimprovement.com (Nigeria’s One Stop Home Improvement Portal)
365 Property Portal — www.365propertyportal.com (Property listing, building materials sales and movers in Nigeria)

Kyneli Business Support Services owners of

www.365campaigner.com

365 Campaigner is a complete suite of social collaboration, communication and management tools for your team. From List building solution to event announcement and CRM, 365 Campaigner provides everything you need to boost sales, step up productivity and manage all day-to-day activities.

365 Campaign is the one stop shop for digital marketing solutions for businesses, politicians, religious organizations and individuals.
———————————————————————————————————————

At Foraminifera Market Research (www.foramfera.com), we provide bespoke and up to date market research reports. Our reports are designed to assist start-ups to understand the legal and financial requirements of starting the business, the market trends vis-a-vis demand and supply, competition, risk identification and mitigation strategies.

You can purchase our reports on the following subject matter

YAM EXPORT FROM NIGERIA; THE FEASIBILITY REPORT.
YAM FLOUR PRODUCTION IN NIGERIA; THE FEASIBILITY REPORT
FROZEN YAM CHIPS PRODUCTION IN NIGERIA; THE FEASIBILITY REPORT.

Access our other Market Research Reports or investment opportunities in Nigeria by clicking on the link below

MARKET RESEARCH REPORTS IN NIGERIA
INVESTMENT OPPORTUNITIES IN NIGERIA

Do you require a business plan or feasibility report on the subject matter? Contact us with any of the details provided below to arrange a meeting

Office Phone Number: 01- 295 24 13 (Monday – Saturday; 8 am – 5 pm)

Mobile Number: +234 (0) 8033782777;+ 234 (0) 908 335 7733 (Monday – Saturday; 8 am – 6 pm)

E-Mail Address: enquiries@foramfera.com

CC: foraminiferamarketresearch@yahoo.com

Office Address:

61-65 Egbe- Isolo Road,

Iyana Ejigbo Shopping Arcade,

Block C, Suite 39,

Iyana Ejigbo Bus Stop,

Ejigbo, Lagos.

Yam Cultivation and Frozen Yam Chips Production in Nigeria; The Opportunities.

Yam (Dioscorea spp.) is an important food crop especially in the yam zone of West Africa. Although more than six hundred species of the tuber exist, only a few are important as staple food in the tropics. These include white yam (D. rotundata), yellow yam (D. Cayenensis), water yam (D. alata), trifoliate yam (D. dumetorum), aerial yam (D. bulbifera) and Chinese yam (D. esculenta).

West Africa accounts for 90-95% of world yam production with Nigeria the largest single producer. In 2004, global yam production was about 47 million metric tons (MT) with 96% of this coming from Africa.

Nigeria alone accounts for about 70 percent of world production .It is the second most important root/tuber crop in Africa with production reaching just under one third the level of cassava.

To set up a yam farm in Nigeria, one has to take the following steps

1. Select Farm
2. Land Preparation
3. Planting
4. Agricultural Practice (weeding,mulching,fertilizer application etc)
5. Harvesting and Storage
6. Processing

Yam basically undergoes two phases namely growth and dormant phases. The growth phase occurs for about six to ten months depending on the species and then slowed down for two to four month, the slowing down process is called the dormant phases, these phases occur in the wet and dry season respectively.

Depending on the species, yam grows for six to ten months and is dormant for two to four months, these two phases usually corresponding to the wet season and the dry season. In West and Central Africa tubers are planted between February and April, depending on whether in humid forest or on the savanna. For maximum yield the yam requires an annual rainfall of over 1,500 mm distributed uniformly throughout the growing season. White, yellow and water yams normally produce annually a single large tuber, often weighing 5-10 kg.

Planting is done by seed yam or cut setts from ware tubers. The tubers are treated with wood ash or fungicide. Mulching is essential during October – November with dry grass or plant debris. Stakes of are used for staking the plants to vine over it.

Frozen Yam Chips is a product derived from Yam that are frozen to preserve them before actual preparation/use. Frozen yam is a product that takes off the stress as it is easy to prepare. Frozen Yam Chips when prepared are mostly called French fries. French fries are batons of deep-fried yam. French fries are served hot, either soft or crispy, and generally eaten as part of lunch or dinner, or on their own as a snack, and they commonly appear on the menus of fast food restaurants. French fries are generally salted and are often served with ketchup; in many countries they are topped instead with other condiments or toppings, including vinegar, mayonnaise, or other local specialties.

The demand for food product is high in Nigeria. The demand cuts across social, religious, age and cultural strata. The market for Frozen Yam Chip (French Fries) is national. With a population of over one hundred and sixty five million (165,000,000) people, Nigeria has a large market for frozen Yam Chip (French Fries). The demand for frozen French fries has been growing over the years, marked by the growing demand for fast food products. French fries constitute an essential element in the restaurants menus, as French fries are highly demanded by clients. Consequently, restaurants consume large quantities of frozen French fries ranging from 150Kg to 1,000Kg per day.

The local market size for frozen French fries is estimated at around 60-70 tons/day with a significant increase during holidays, vacations and weekends.

———————————————————————————————————————
Foraminifera Market Research Limited (www.foramfera.com) is part of a family of businesses, which includes several brands such as

Hausworth Nigeria Limited owners of

365 Home Improvement — www.365homeimprovement.com (Nigeria’s One Stop Home Improvement Portal)
365 Property Portal — www.365propertyportal.com (Property listing, building materials sales and movers in Nigeria)

Kyneli Business Support Services owners of

www.365campaigner.com

365 Campaigner is a complete suite of social collaboration, communication and management tools for your team. From List building solution to event announcement and CRM, 365 Campaigner provides everything you need to boost sales, step up productivity and manage all day-to-day activities.

365 Campaign is the one stop shop for digital marketing solutions for businesses, politicians, religious organizations and individuals.
———————————————————————————————————————

At Foraminifera Market Research (www.foramfera.com), we provide bespoke and up to date market research reports. Our reports are designed to assist start-ups to understand the legal and financial requirements of starting the business, the market trends vis-a-vis demand and supply, competition, risk identification and mitigation strategies.

You can purchase our reports on the following subject matter

YAM EXPORT FROM NIGERIA; THE FEASIBILITY REPORT.
YAM FLOUR PRODUCTION IN NIGERIA; THE FEASIBILITY REPORT
FROZEN YAM CHIPS PRODUCTION IN NIGERIA; THE FEASIBILITY REPORT.

Access our other Market Research Reports or investment opportunities in Nigeria by clicking on the link below

MARKET RESEARCH REPORTS IN NIGERIA
INVESTMENT OPPORTUNITIES IN NIGERIA

Do you require a business plan or feasibility report on the subject matter? Contact us with any of the details provided below to arrange a meeting

Office Phone Number: 01- 295 24 13 (Monday – Saturday; 8 am – 5 pm)

Mobile Number: +234 (0) 8033782777;+ 234 (0) 908 335 7733 (Monday – Saturday; 8 am – 6 pm)

E-Mail Address: enquiries@foramfera.com

CC: foraminiferamarketresearch@yahoo.com

Office Address:

61-65 Egbe- Isolo Road,

Iyana Ejigbo Shopping Arcade,

Block C, Suite 39,

Iyana Ejigbo Bus Stop,

Ejigbo, Lagos.

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