Manufacturing

CASSAVA BASED ADHESIVE PRODUCTION IN NIGERIA; HOW VIABLE?

Cassava is the most important root crop in Nigeria. Apart from being a staple crop in both rural and urban households cassava is a major source of income to cassava farmers and processors in the rural areas. Nigeria is the leading producer of cassava tubers in the world and produces about 40,000,000 ton annually but its industrial processing and utilization has been very limited.

It is estimated that 30 per cent of the cassava tubers are lost as waste due to lack of processing and preservation mechanisms in Nigeria. One of the more acceptable means of preserving cassava is to convert it to flour / starch.

Starch has several advantages as a raw material in the production of adhesives, including: renewability, biodegradability, abundance, cheapness and stability in price and can also be used to produce such diverse products as food, paper, textiles, beverages, confectionery, pharmaceuticals, and building materials.

Adhesives are substances that are able to make things adhere or stick together without deformation or failure through a process called adhesion. Adhesives are categorized as either natural or synthetic. Natural adhesives include animal glues, casein glues, natural gums and resins, sodium silicates and vegetable glues. Vegetables glues are starch-based and are made from starches and dextrin.

The raw materials for production of cassava starch adhesive are: Cassava starch/ Cassava flour, Caustic soda, Formaldehyde, Hydrochloric acid and Sodium silicate. These are readily available in various industrial raw materials markets all over the country.

The demand for adhesives in Nigeria for various uses including wood work, paper and packaging is quite enormous. Different types of adhesives can be formulated to meet the requirement of different end users.

Large percentage of the nation’s adhesive need is met through importation whereas domestic production accounted for only few percentage of the total supply. It is estimated that the nation’s demand for various forms of adhesives is in excess of 350, 000 metric tonnes per annum.

The adhesive was prepared by measuring the required quantity of dried starch and HCL (gelatinization enhancer), adding and stirred continuously while heating in a heating mantle maintained at a specified temperature. Known mass (concentration) of a viscosity enhancer (Caustic Soda) is added in piece meal and stirred continuously until mixture becomes sticky. Product was allowed to cool.

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365 Campaigner is a complete suite of social collaboration, communication and management tools for your team.

From List building solution to event announcement and CRM, 365 Campaigner provides everything you need to boost sales, step up productivity and manage all day-to-day activities. Tightly integrated.

365 Campaign is the one stop shop for digital marketing solutions for businesses, politicians, religious organizations and individuals. Visit www.365campaigner.com for more information.
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At Foraminifera Market Research {www.foramfera.com}, we provide bespoke and up to date market research reports for start-ups and those already in business.

Our reports are designed to assist start-ups to understand the legal and financial requirements of starting the business, the market trends vis-a-vis demand and supply, competition, risk identification and mitigation strategies.

You can order our detailed feasibility report on cassava based adhesive production in Nigeria by clicking on the link below.

Report Title: CASSAVA BASED ADHESIVE PRODUCTION IN NIGERIA, THE FEASIBILITY REPORT.

Report Code: FORA/2014/CASSAVABASEDADHESIVE/0655390029

Do you require one- on- one consultancy on the subject matter? Contact us with any of the details provided below to arrange a meeting

Office Phone Number: 01- 295 24 13 {Monday – Saturday; 8 am – 5 pm}
Mobile Number:  +234 {0} 8033782777 / + 234 (0) 908 335 7733 {Monday – Saturday; 8 am – 6 pm}
E-Mail Address: enquiries@foramfera.com
CC: foraminiferamarketresearch@yahoo.com

Office Address:
61-65 Egbe- Isolo Road,
Iyana Ejigbo Shopping Arcade,
Block C, Suite 39,
Iyana Ejigbo Bus Stop,
Ejigbo, Lagos.

FRUIT JUICE PRODUCTION IN NIGERIA: THE OPPORTUNITY.

Fruits are natural staple food of man containing essential nutrients in adequate proportion. Fruits are excellent sources of minerals, vitamins and enzymes. They are easily digested and bring about a cleansing effect on the blood and the digestive tract. Hence, the ailments usually caused by the consumption of unnatural foods can easily be treated with fruits. Apart from being a very good source of food, fruits are also good medicine.

In Nigeria, about 930,000 tons of citrus fruits are produced annually from an estimated hectarage of 3 million hectares of land . Citrus is grown in the rainforest and guinea savannah, most of these farmlands is in the remote part of the country with poor roads. About 30-50% of these citrus fruit get spoilt on the way before getting to the final consumers in the urban centres. Citrus fruits are the highest value fruit crop in terms of international trade. There are two main markets for citrus fruit; The fresh fruit market and the processed citrus fruits market (mainly orange juice). Same could be said for other fruits produced in Nigeria.

Fruits juice production is a viable project as raw materials are readily available in Nigeria.  Raw materials for fruits juice are oranges, lime, lemon, grape, paw paw, guava, pineapple and mangoes. These are grown in abundance in Nigeria and they waste away during the production season. There is every assurance that the plant will work round the year as constant supply of raw materials (fruits) is guaranteed.

With the recent tariff imposed on imported food items including fruit juice, there exists now favorable climate for local producers of fruit juice. There is high demand for fruit juice in Nigeria. With a population of over 165 million people and an estimated national population growth rate of 5.7% per annum ,an average economic growth rate of 3.5% per annum in the past five {5} years, Nigeria has a large market for fruit juice.

Fruit juices are served at occasions such as, wedding, burial, house warming, seminars, workshops, and so on.  The national demand for fruit juices is estimated at 550million litres, while current supply is less than 25% of the demand.  Popular brands of fruit juices in Nigerian markets are: Frutta, Edge, 5 Alive, Chivita, Fumman, Dansa, Fan juice, Chi Exotic, Lloyd’s fruit squeeze, Dudu, Cyway natural drink, etc.  Common packaging is tetra pak, can, bottle (plastic and glass) and pouches.

The recommended minimum daily requirement of fruit juice has been estimated at 75mg. Our present intake in Nigeria is still below this daily requirement.

Fresh fruit juice is one of the chief sources of vitamin C (Ascorbic acid), required for the proper functioning of body’s inter cellular materials. It prevents some diseases from occurring. Deficiency of vitamin C leads to scurvy (bleeding of teeth gums) and failure of the body to form corrective tissue fibres. In this regard, establishment of fruit juice processing factory will contribute immensely towards the improvement of our health care delivery.

Establishment of fruit juice processing factory will greatly solve the problems of food preservation in Nigeria.

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365 Campaigner is a complete suite of social collaboration, communication and management tools for your team.

From List building solution to event announcement and CRM, 365 Campaigner provides everything you need to boost sales, step up productivity and manage all day-to-day activities. Tightly integrated.

365 Campaign is the one stop shop for digital marketing solutions for businesses, politicians, religious organizations and individuals. Visit www.365campaigner.com for more information.
————————————————————————————————————————————————————–
At Foraminifera Market Research {www.foramfera.com}, we provide bespoke and up to date market research reports for start-ups and those already in business.

Our reports are designed to assist start-ups to understand the legal and financial requirements of starting the business, the market trends vis-a-vis demand and supply, competition, risk identification and mitigation strategies.

You can order our detailed feasibility report on fruit juice production in Nigeria by clicking on the link below.

Report Title: FRUIT JUICE {PINEAPPLE} PRODUCTION IN NIGERIA, THE FEASIBILITY REPORT.

Report Code: FORA/2014/FRUITJUICE/44455367

Do you require one- on- one consultancy on the subject matter? Contact us with any of the details provided below to arrange a meeting

Office Phone Number: 01- 295 24 13 {Monday – Saturday; 8 am – 5 pm}
Mobile Number:  +234 {0} 8033782777 / + 234 (0) 908 335 7733 {Monday – Saturday; 8 am – 6 pm}
E-Mail Address: enquiries@foramfera.com
CC: foraminiferamarketresearch@yahoo.com

Office Address:
61-65 Egbe- Isolo Road,
Iyana Ejigbo Shopping Arcade,
Block C, Suite 39,
Iyana Ejigbo Bus Stop,
Ejigbo, Lagos.

SHOE TACK NAILS PRODUCTION IN NIGERIA, THE INVESTMENT OPPORTUNITY.

A nail consists of a metal rod or shank, pointed at one end and usually having a formed head at the other, that can be hammered into pieces of wood or other materials to fasten them together. A nail is usually made of steel, although it can be made of aluminum, brass, or many other metals. The surface can be coated or plated to improve its corrosion resistance, gripping strength, or decorative appearance. The head, shank, and point may have several shapes based on the intended function of the nail.

Using nails is an effective way of fixing or joining pieces of softwood together. Hardwoods can be difficult to join with nails as they tend to bend under the impact of the hammer. Below is a range of nails that can be used depending on the type of wood and the nature of the work to be attempted.  The surface can be coated or plated to improve its corrosion resistance, gripping strength, or decorative appearance. The head, shank, and point may have several shapes based on the intended function of the nail.

Nails are divided into three broad categories based on their length. In general nails under 1 inch (2.5 cm) in length are called tacks or brads. Nails 1-4 inches (2.5-10.2 cm) in length are called nails, while those over 4 inches (10.2 cm) are some-times called spikes. These categories are roughly defined, and there is considerable crossover between them.

Based on theirs usage, nails can be classified into different types, one of which is tack nails.

Tacks are short, sharp pointed nails often used with carpet, fabric and paper. They are usually used in the furniture and shoe industry.Tack  size range from 6mm to 32mm and are usually packed in 450g box, 4 boxes/ paper packet, 14 paper packets/ carton.

The relevant machinery and equipment required for the production of tack nails are Shoe Tacks Making Machine, Annealing Machine for annealing , Nail polishing, Heavy duty tool & cutter grinder fitted with 1.5 HP Motor & Starter while the raw materials required are Half Hard Bright Wire ( HHB Wire ) ( SOFT ANNEALED WIRE ).and sawdust.

The demand for tack nails is related with furniture and shoe industry. The demand for tack nails in Nigeria has been identified to continue to expand as the standard of living of the over 165 million population growing at the rate of 5.7% per annum continues to grow.

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365 Campaigner is a complete suite of social collaboration, communication and management tools for your team.

From List building solution to event announcement and CRM, 365 Campaigner provides everything you need to boost sales, step up productivity and manage all day-to-day activities. Tightly integrated.

365 Campaign is the one stop shop for digital marketing solutions for businesses, politicians, religious organizations and individuals. Visit www.365campaigner.com for more information.
————————————————————————————————————————————————————–
At Foraminifera Market Research {www.foramfera.com}, we provide bespoke and up to date market research reports for start-ups and those already in business.

Our reports are designed to assist start-ups to understand the legal and financial requirements of starting the business, the market trends vis-a-vis demand and supply, competition, risk identification and mitigation strategies.

Should you require a details feasibility report on the subject matter, please do use any of the means below to arrange a meeting

Office Phone Number: 01- 295 24 13 {Monday – Saturday; 8 am – 5 pm}
Mobile Number:  +234 {0} 8033782777 / + 234 (0) 908 335 7733 {Monday – Saturday; 8 am – 6 pm}
E-Mail Address: enquiries@foramfera.com
CC: foraminiferamarketresearch@yahoo.com

Office Address:
61-65 Egbe- Isolo Road,
Iyana Ejigbo Shopping Arcade,
Block C, Suite 39,
Iyana Ejigbo Bus Stop,
Ejigbo, Lagos.

BREAD PRODUCTION IN NIGERIA; THE INVESTMENT OPPORTUNITY.

Bread is a staple food prepared by baking a dough of flour and water. It is popular around the world and is one of the world’s oldest foods.

The business of bread making is still looking good for new entreants as there is still more opportunities to be explored. There are different types of bread that can be made and some include Fruit bread, Wheat bread, High fiber bread, coconut bread, Chelsea bread and Banana bread.

The best quality product is achieved when the Bread Mix, water and yeast are used at the recommended proportions, each ingredient relative to the others is more important than the overall quantities.To produce bread, Dough is prepared by mixing all the ingredients together in a mixer. The bowl is removed and mixing is done at intervals of 40 minutes. The mixed dough is fermented for two hours, knocked back and rested for 30 to 40 minutes. The dough as per the size of the loaf to be divided. The divided dough pieces are panned and kept for final processing. When the dough attains a particular rising, they are baked for 40 minutes at 420°F. Baked dough is cooled sufficiently, sliced and then wrapped.

The raw materials required for bread production are flour, sugar, salt, yeast and edible or baking fat. Equipment required for bread production includes Electric oven (3 Deck/4Deck are available depending on the capacity), industrial burner, electric milling machines, mixer, bowl or dough mixer (of various capacities ranging from3-10 bags of 50kg flour at a time), automatic Slicing machine, Paster roller, Standard scale/measure.

There is also need to procure various sizes of baking pans.

Increasingly, middle and upper class families are looking for better tasting and more healthy breads than those currently available in market.The market for bread is national. With a population of over 165 million people and an estimated national population growth rate of 5.7% per annum ,an average economic growth rate of 3.5% per annum in the past five {5} years, Nigeria has a large market for bread.

One of the first activities when planning a bread production business is to decide who will be the target customers.

A Market segment is a term that describes an identifiable group of customers. The different types of market segments for bread can be described in five main groups

1. Retail Consumers
2. Food service
3. Wholesale
4. Institutional
5. Food businesses

Market sectors/Types of customer

Retail: The retail sector includes the following

Households / Family

Food service businesses: The food service sector include the following

Tourist hotels/lodges
‘Fast food’ outlets
Cafes, restaurants
Street food vendors

Wholesalers

Institutional: The institutional sector include the following

Religious Organization
NGO’S
Schools
Hospitals
Military/police barracks

Food businesses: The institutional sector include the following

Snack food makers
Street food vendors

To produce bread in Nigeria, one requires NAFDAC certification.

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365 Campaigner is a complete suite of social collaboration, communication and management tools for your team.

From List building solution to event announcement and CRM, 365 Campaigner provides everything you need to boost sales, step up productivity and manage all day-to-day activities. Tightly integrated.

365 Campaign is the one stop shop for digital marketing solutions for businesses, politicians, religious organizations and individuals. Visit www.365campaigner.com for more information.
————————————————————————————————————————————————————–
At Foraminifera Market Research {www.foramfera.com}, we provide bespoke and up to date market research reports for start-ups and those already in business.

Our reports are designed to assist start-ups to understand the legal and financial requirements of starting the business, the market trends vis-a-vis demand and supply, competition, risk identification and mitigation strategies.

You can order our detailed feasibility report on bread production in Nigeria by clicking on the link below.

Report Title: BREAD PRODUCTION IN NIGERIA,  THE FEASIBILITY REPORT.

Report Code: FORA/2014/BREADPRODUCTION/668735

Office Phone Number: 01- 295 24 13 {Monday – Saturday; 8 am – 5 pm}
Mobile Number:  +234 {0} 8033782777 / + 234 (0) 908 335 7733 {Monday – Saturday; 8 am – 6 pm}
E-Mail Address: enquiries@foramfera.com
CC: foraminiferamarketresearch@yahoo.com

Office Address:
61-65 Egbe- Isolo Road,
Iyana Ejigbo Shopping Arcade,
Block C, Suit 39,
Iyana Ejigbo Bus Stop,
Ejigbo, Lagos.

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