Mining And Quarrying

IRON ORE MINING IN NIGERIA; THE OPPORTUNITIES.

In today’s competitive world, identifying and exploit your areas of comparative advantage is the key to survival. The solid minerals industry holds the greatest potential apart from the Agricultural sector towards the attainment of the vision 20: 2020 which is geared at placing Nigeria amongst the top twenty {20} economies of the world by the year 2020 because of the rich mineral deposit in commercial quantity scattered in different parts of the country.

One of such mineral in Nigeria is Iron ore. There are over 3 billion tonnes of iron ore found in Kogi, Enugu, Niger, Zamfara and Kaduna States. The large deposit of oolific iron ores of Kogi and Enugu States are yet to be fully explored. Iron ore is used for making steel, transformer and motor cars, ferrous sulphate from waster liqueur of the steel picking process or by the direct reaction, metals for electrical shielding, electro-magnetic devices, electric bells, electric fan cage, equipment rack, instrument body, engineering works, hydrated salt, iron oxide pigments, various salts of iron and ferrites and chemicals.

The rate of steel consumption of a Nation is a direct reflection of the economical and technological advancemenet of such a Nation and if Nigeria is to increase her steel consumption from its current level, massive investment in the exploitation and processing of iron ore is required.

Nigeria’s national annual demand for iron rod which currently stands at two {2} is mostly been sourced from the recycling of waste metal scraps. Besides there are three inland rolling mills at Oshogbo, Jos and Katsina in addition to some privately owned rolling mills in Lagos, calabar and Kano. The nation also has the Aladja and Ajaokuta Steel complexes which are potential buyers of the iron ore to be produced apart from the lucrative international market.

A grant of a Mining License to a prospective company is subject to proof of economic reserve of the mineral commodity for which a concession is sought. The process involves the company first applying to the Honourable Minister for Certificate of Entry into Mining Industry. The requirements for this include submission of the company’s Certificate of Registration, evidence of technical competence and of financial capability.

The next step is for the company to apply and obtain a prospecting right (PR) to enable it carry out general and scientific prospecting for the categories of minerals within the prospecting right. If properly conducted, work on this right will guide the company towards zeroing into a particular mineral within a specific land area.

The company will then put up application for an exclusive prospecting license (EPL) in the State Mines Office where the mineral is located. This is an exploration license for a particular mineral(s) over a particular land area which, by law, should not exceed 22 square kilometers. Once granted, the area is held exclusively to the company which will now confidently invest in mineral exploration work on the area without hindrance. This license is renewable every one or two years depending on the nature of the terrain.

It is only after the company has satisfied itself of the availability of the mineral in commercial quantity on the EPL that it will apply for grant of a Mining License over the whole or part of the area covered by the EPL.

In the course of all these processes, the law insists that the company employs the services of a “technically competent person” in carrying out the prospecting under the PR, the exploration within the EPL and finally the extraction of the mineral within the mining licence area.

Some of the investment incentives in the solid minerals industry in Nigeria include

 3-5 years Tax Holiday

 Deferred royalty payments

 Possible capitalization of expenditure on exploration and surveys

 Extension of infrastructure such as roads and electricity to mining sites, and provision of 100% foreign ownership of mining concerns.

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365 Campaigner is a complete suite of social collaboration, communication and management tools for your team.

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365 Campaign is the one stop shop for digital marketing solutions for businesses, politicians, religious organizations and individuals. Visit www.365campaigner.com for more information.
————————————————————————————————————————————————————–
At Foraminifera Market Research {www.foramfera.com}, we provide bespoke and up to date market research reports for start-ups and those already in business.

Our reports are designed to assist start-ups to understand the legal and financial requirements of starting the business, the market trends vis-a-vis demand and supply, competition, risk identification and mitigation strategies.

You can order our different detailed feasibility report on small scale iron ore mining in Nigeria from by clicking on the link below.

Report Title: SMALL SCALE IRON ORE MINING IN NIGERIA, THE PRE-FEASIBILITY REPORT.

Report Code:FORA/05564-807/2015/IRONOREMININGINNIGERIA/7750-94773-33

Do you require one- on- one consultancy on the subject matter? Contact us with any of the details provided below to arrange a meeting

Office Phone Number: 01- 295 24 13 {Monday – Saturday; 8 am – 5 pm}

Mobile Number: +234 {0} 8033782777 ; + 234 (0) 908 335 7733 {Monday – Saturday; 8 am – 6 pm}

E-Mail Address: enquiries@foramfera.com

CC: foraminiferamarketresearch@yahoo.com

Office Address:

61-65 Egbe- Isolo Road,

Iyana Ejigbo Shopping Arcade,

Block C, Suite 39,

Iyana Ejigbo Bus Stop,

Ejigbo, Lagos.

DREDGING AND COMMERCIAL SAND PRODUCTION IN NIGERIA; THE OPPORTUNITIES.

It is widely agreed that one of the most basic needs of man is shelter and in time past man has experienced with different material in order to meet with his housing needs. In modern day history, the use of cement along with sand and gravel as come to be accepted as one of the best construction raw material because they provide durability, firmness and can withstand harsh weather conditions though other materials like steel and glass are also used.

The ever increasing deficit in housing supply in Nigeria which is estimated at over sixteen million {16,000,000} units and the need for the construction of other important infrastructure if the country is to meet up with the vision 20:2020 project of becoming amongst the top 20 economies in the world by 2020 continues to drive the need to sand, an essential construction raw material and the need for the use of modern equipment in the production of sand, in order to meet with demands.

Sand is a naturally occurring granular material composed of finely divided rock and mineral particles. The composition of sand is highly variable, depending on the local rock sources and conditions, but the most common constituent of sand in inland continental settings and non-tropical coastal settings is silica (silicon dioxide, or SiO2), usually in the form of quartz.

Though there are no reliable figures on the annual production in Nigeria, it is generally agreed that there has been an increased in production in order to meet up with increasing demands .In Nigeria and mostly in the oil and gas industry where they are used to make waterways more navigatable, Dredgers are required in commercial sand production.

Dredging is an excavation activity or operation usually carried out at least partly underwater, in shallow seas or fresh water areas with the purpose of gathering up bottom sediments and disposing of them at a different location. This technique is often used to keep waterways navigable.

It is also used as a way to replenish sand on some public beaches, where too much sand has been lost because of coastal erosion. Dredging is also used as a technique for fishing for certain species of edible clams and crabs, see fishing dredge.

Dredging activities produces lots of sand which are required in construction and other important activities. A dredge is a device for scraping or sucking the seabed, used for dredging. A dredger is a ship or boat equipped with a dredge.

Though dredging and sand production can create lots of wealth for the operator, it creates disturbance in aquatic ecosystems, often with adverse impacts and at such various states government in Nigeria are coming up with regulations and laws to protect the environment. The investor requires being up to date with the current regulations in the industry.

A fully equipped dredger can excavate approximately 300 cubic yards of commercial grade sand per hour, utilizing 8’ x 10’ dredge pump. The Dredger uses a hydraulic, submersible 12″ radial fan pump mounted at the end of the boom behind a shrouded, horizontal cutter head. The pump is rated at 3,500-gpm slurry with a maximum T.D.H. (slurry s.g. 1.25) @ 881 rmp w/2,000 feet discharge length.

Some of the areas where opportunities exist in dredging in Nigeria include

 Oil and Gas

 Construction

 Environment

 Transportation

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365 Campaigner is a complete suite of social collaboration, communication and management tools for your team.

From List building solution to event announcement and CRM, 365 Campaigner provides everything you need to boost sales, step up productivity and manage all day-to-day activities. Tightly integrated.

365 Campaign is the one stop shop for digital marketing solutions for businesses, politicians, religious organizations and individuals. Visit www.365campaigner.com for more information.
————————————————————————————————————————————————————–
At Foraminifera Market Research {www.foramfera.com}, we provide bespoke and up to date market research reports for start-ups and those already in business.

Our reports are designed to assist start-ups to understand the legal and financial requirements of starting the business, the market trends vis-a-vis demand and supply, competition, risk identification and mitigation strategies.

You can order our detailed feasibility report on sand dredging in Nigeria by clicking on the link below.

Report Title: DREDGING AND SAND STOCK PILLING IN NIGERIA; THE FEASIBILITY REPORT.

Report Code: FORA/2014/DREDGINGINNIGERIA/0445246

Do you require one- on- one consultancy on the subject matter? Contact us with any of the details provided below to arrange a meeting

Office Phone Number: 01- 295 24 13 {Monday – Saturday; 8 am – 5 pm}

Mobile Number: +234 {0} 8033782777; + 234 (0) 908 335 7733 {Monday – Saturday; 8 am – 6 pm}

E-Mail Address: enquiries@foramfera.com

CC: foraminiferamarketresearch@yahoo.com

Office Address:

61-65 Egbe- Isolo Road,

Iyana Ejigbo Shopping Arcade,

Block C, Suite 39,

Iyana Ejigbo Bus Stop,

Ejigbo, Lagos.

KAOLIN DEPOSITS AND MINING IN NIGERIA ; THE OPPORTUNITIES.

For a nation that wants to grow, it must look inwards to identify areas where it has comparative advantage over other nations and effort should be geared towards the development of the identified areas.

Apart from crude potentials of Nigeria, Nigeria also has comparative advantage in the solid minerals sector owning to the large deposits of minerals scattered in the different parts of the country and if the nation is to achieve vision 2020, more efforts should be geared towards the development of the solid minerals sector of the Nigerian economy.

Kaolin is one of the industrial minerals that can be found in commercial quantity. In fact, Nigeria has an estimated reserve of about two {2} billion metric tones of kaolin deposit scattered in different parts of the country to include ogun, edo, plateau and Nassarrawa states.

The market for kaolin is large, sustainable and expanding because of the numerous applications of the product. Also there is an outright ban on the importation of kaolin into the country in order to stimulate the growth of the local industry.

Kaolin can be supplied in raw or processed form depending on the requirement of the buyer. There is market for the raw and processed kaolin in Nigeria and abroad but I would dwell on the processed one for the supply in the local market.

Kaolin processing is of two types, the wet and dry process. The wet process is used when the silica content and impurities in the raw kaolin is high and usually the end product is high grade kaolin used in the pharmaceutical industry. The dry process involves the drying, crushing, sifting and bagging of the raw kaolin and it is usually employed for raw kaolin with less silica and impurity content.

There are no standard methods of processing for the treatment of different types of kaolin. Primarily the processing priority and the choice of suitable machines and equipment depend on the mineralogical spectrum of the crude kaolin and on the demands concerning the quality of the end products. The essential influencing factors which do not only determine the quality of the products but also the effort which should go into the technical processing are as follows:

– Type, %-proportion and particle size distribution of the clay minerals

– Type and %-proportion of silicate, oxidic and sulphide ‘’impurities’’

– Electrochemical surface phenomena of clay minerals

– Technological demands on the quality of the end products.

The effects of each of the factors overlap and have either a strengthening or weakening effect of specific quality characteristics. Therefore each factor can only be determined to a certain extent when assessing the attainable end qualities. These factors provide little information for the lay-out of a suitable process.

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365 Campaigner is a complete suite of social collaboration, communication and management tools for your team.

From List building solution to event announcement and CRM, 365 Campaigner provides everything you need to boost sales, step up productivity and manage all day-to-day activities. Tightly integrated.

365 Campaign is the one stop shop for digital marketing solutions for businesses, politicians, religious organizations and individuals. Visit www.365campaigner.com for more information.
————————————————————————————————————————————————————–
At Foraminifera Market Research {www.foramfera.com}, we provide bespoke and up to date market research reports for start-ups and those already in business.

Our reports are designed to assist start-ups to understand the legal and financial requirements of starting the business, the market trends vis-a-vis demand and supply, competition, risk identification and mitigation strategies.

You can order our different detailed feasibility report on kaolin mining in Nigeria from by clicking on the link below.

Report Title: KAOLIN MINING IN NIGERIA, THE PRE-FEASIBILITY REPORT.

Report Code: FORA/05564-807/2015/KAOLINMININGINNIGERIA/10095775

Do you require one- on- one consultancy on the subject matter? Contact us with any of the details provided below to arrange a meeting

Office Phone Number: 01- 295 24 1301- 295 24 13 {Monday – Saturday; 8 am – 5 pm}

Mobile Number: +234 {0} 8033782777; + 234 (0) 908 335 7733 {Monday – Saturday; 8 am – 6 pm}

E-Mail Address: enquiries@foramfera.com

CC: foraminiferamarketresearch@yahoo.com

Office Address:

61-65 Egbe- Isolo Road,

Iyana Ejigbo Shopping Arcade,

Block C, Suite 39,

Iyana Ejigbo Bus Stop,

Ejigbo, Lagos.

TALC DEPOSITS AND MINING IN NIGERIA; THE OPPORTUNITIES.

Talc is a natural and rich minerals in the world with various colors of white to pink, light green grey and black. Talc is also name as soapstone, French chalk and steatite. It is a hydrated magnesium silicate deposited by the metamorphosis of dolomite and quartzose rocks or by the hydrothermal alteration of ultramafic and mafic rocks.

The chemical Molecular formula is Mg3Si4O10(OH)2 with hardness of 1 to 1.5 and a specific gravity of 2.7 to 2.8. Talc is a softest minerals with extreme Softness, Smoothness, Slippery & Lubricating, Chemical Inertness, High Luster & Sheen, High Fusion point, Low Heat & Electricity Conductivity & Pigment extenders.

So talc is an extremely useful and economically important mineral, it is normally widely used in ceramics, paint, paper and plastics, agriculture and food, personal care, mold release agents, wastewater treatment, textiles, etc

The five main characteristics of talc that make it a unique material for industrial and domestic applications are:

* Lamellarity (made of platelets that easily slide on each other)

* Softness (unctuous and not abrasive)

* Chemical inertness

* Affinity for organic chemicals

* Whiteness

An estimated reserve of over 100 million tones of talc has been obtained in Niger,Osun, Kogi, Kwara, Ogun, Taraba, and Kaduna states. There are only two medium processing plants currently operating in Nigeria and both are in Niger state.The color of the Nigerian talc varies from white through milky -white to gray. The talc industry represents one of the most versatile sectors of the industrial minerals of the world. The exploitation of the vast talc deposit in Nigeria would there satisfy not only local demands but also that of the international market as well.

1) Pharmaceuticals: Talc Luzenac Pharma which is approved by the majority of pharmaceutical producers worldwide, because it is in conformity with the European, American and Japanese pharmacopoeias. Luzenac Pharma is supplied in TC20′ loaded with 20 tons, and its average selling price is 1000EUR/Ton

2) Decorative mat paints: Talc Steabright is ideal and it is very white and has a top cut of 25 microns. Its average price is 750EUR/Ton

3) For cosmetic talc (baby powder), Talc Steasilk 5CI is the best and it is also very white and its average price is 600EUR/Ton

The investor can start by operating a mine and supplying directly to powder processing companies around or go into the processing of the product.

————————————————————————————————————————————————————
365 Campaigner is a complete suite of social collaboration, communication and management tools for your team.

From List building solution to event announcement and CRM, 365 Campaigner provides everything you need to boost sales, step up productivity and manage all day-to-day activities. Tightly integrated.

365 Campaign is the one stop shop for digital marketing solutions for businesses, politicians, religious organizations and individuals. Visit www.365campaigner.com for more information.
————————————————————————————————————————————————————–
At Foraminifera Market Research {www.foramfera.com}, we provide bespoke and up to date market research reports for start-ups and those already in business.

Our reports are designed to assist start-ups to understand the legal and financial requirements of starting the business, the market trends vis-a-vis demand and supply, competition, risk identification and mitigation strategies.

You can order our different detailed feasibility report on talc mining in Nigeria by clicking on the link below.

Report Title: TALC MINING IN NIGERIA, THE PRE-FEASIBILITY REPORT.

Report Code: FORA/05564-807/2015/TALCMININGINNIGERIA/7750-94773-33

Do you require one- on- one consultancy on the subject matter? Contact us with any of the details provided below to arrange a meeting

Office Phone Number: 01- 295 24 1301- 295 24 13 {Monday – Saturday; 8 am – 5 pm}

Mobile Number: +234 {0} 8033782777; + 234 (0) 908 335 7733 {Monday – Saturday; 8 am – 6 pm}

E-Mail Address: enquiries@foramfera.com

CC: foraminiferamarketresearch@yahoo.com

Office Address:

61-65 Egbe- Isolo Road,

Iyana Ejigbo Shopping Arcade,

Block C, Suite 39,

Iyana Ejigbo Bus Stop,

Ejigbo, Lagos.

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