Manufacturing

GARRI PRODUCTION IN NIGERIA; HOW VIABLE?

One major achievement of the present civilian administration in Nigeria in the past eleven (11) years has been the growth of middle class which has been witnessed in the country. These growths continues to drive the increasing social and health awareness of the need for hygienically well prepared foods required for good quality living standard of people. This coupled with the geometrically exploding population and continued rural-urban drift continues to fuel the demand for food stuffs especially Garri, a staple food in the country.

Garri, a product gotten from the processing of cassava tubers is a very important staple food item in Nigeria. It is one of the food items that defy socio-economic class, religious and ethnic boundaries, It is doubtful if it is not eaten daily in one of every two homes in the country.

Garri is a creamy-white, granular flour with a slightly fermented flavour and a slightly sour taste made from fermented, gelatinized fresh cassava tubers. Garri is widely known in Nigeria and other West African countries. Garri constitutes a daily meal to millions people world-wide.

It is a popular West African food. It is most widely eaten as Eba. Eba is made by sprinkling garri into a bowl or pot of boiling water and stirred until dough of garri is formed. You could add more water to the dough and stir to your desired texture. The finished product is called eba.

Eba is served with vegetable soup and fish or meat. In combination, this constitutes a very balanced diet.

There are different types of garri, depending on how it is processed, its grain size and the region of Africa where it is produced.

The Standards Organization of Nigeria classifies garri into:

• Extra Fine Grain Garri – where more than 80% of the grain passes through a sieve of less than 350 micro meter aperture

• Fine Grain Garri – More than 80 % of the grains pass through a sieve of less than 1000 micro meter aperture

• Coarse Grain garri – Not less than 80% of grains passes through a sieve of 1400 micro meter or less than 20 % of weight passes through a sieve of 1000 micro meter

• Extra Coarse Grain Garri – Not less than 20 % of grain is retained on a sieve of 1400 micro meter aperture.

Garri can also be classified based on fermentation length (days and extent) as well as whether palm oil is added to make it yellow or not. Such classifications include:

 Yellow Garri

This is the type of garri commonly found in the Edo, Delta and other eastern part of Nigeria. It is also called Bendel garri. It is made exactly the way described above, but for the addition of red palm oil after grating the cassava and the garri is allowed to ferment for two to three days also. Adding palm oil to the garri further helps to reduce the cyanide content and gives it a unique flavor.

 White Garri

Same as Bendel garri, left to ferment for two to three days as well, but red palm oil is not added during processing.

 Ijebu Garri

Ijebu garri is made same way too, but allowed to ferment for up to seven days. No palm oil is added. It is also fried to become much crisped. It characteristically has a very sharp taste and less starchy. Many people from the Western part of Nigeria love this and find it great for “soaking”.

The Garri industry in Nigeria is dominated by small scale with production capacity of less than 0.1 tons per day. The production plants are usually found all parts of Nigeria where the chief raw material, Cassava tubers, can be found.

Nigeria is the leading producer of cassava tubers in the world with an annual production of about 40,000,000 tonnes and at such sourcing for the raw materials would not be a challenge.

Garri, a product gotten from the processing of cassava tubers is a very important staple food item in Nigeria. It is one of the food items that defy socio-economic class, religious and ethnic boundaries, It is doubtful if it is not eaten daily in one of every two homes in the country.

The annual national demand for garri is estimated at 1,000,000 tonnes while the national supply estimate is about 250,000.

In recent times due to the other products {Cassava Starch and Flour} that can gotten from Cassava tubers ,the production of garri in Nigeria has witnessed a reduction in volume thereby prompting a shift in the demand-supply equilibrium in favour of garri producers.

The supply gap has been identified to continue to expand as the population of the country which is estimated to be 165 Million continues to grow at 3.5% per annum. Also the rural – urban drift in the country would help to deepen the market for garri which is estimated at over N 8 billion annually in Nigeria.

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At Foraminifera Market Research (www.foramfera.com), we provide bespoke and up to date market research reports. Our reports are designed to assist start-ups to understand the legal and financial requirements of starting the business, the market trends vis-a-vis demand and supply, competition, risk identification and mitigation strategies.

You can order our detailed feasibility report on garri production in Nigeria and other cassava report by clicking on the link below.

GARRI PRODUCTION IN NIGERIA; THE FEASIBILITY REPORT
CASSAVA FLOUR PRODUCTION IN NIGERIA; THE FEASIBILITY REPORT
CASSAVA STARCH PRODUCTION IN NIGERIA; THE FEASIBILITY REPORT.
CASSAVA STARCH AND GARRI PRODUCTION IN NIGERIA; THE FEASIBILITY REPORT
MECHANIZED CASSAVA TUBER CULTIVATION AND GARRI PRODUCTION IN NIGERIA; THE FEASIBILITY REPORT
MECHANIZED CASSAVA TUBER CULTIVATION, GARRI AND STARCH PRODUCTION IN NIGERIA; THE FEASIBILITY REPORT
MECHANIZED CASSAVA TUBER CULTIVATION AND STARCH PRODUCTION IN NIGERIA; THE FEASIBILITY REPORT
MECHANIZED CASSAVA TUBER CULTIVATION AND ETHANOL PRODUCTION IN NIGERIA; THE FEASIBILITY REPORT
MECHANIZED CASSAVA TUBER CULTIVATION AND GLUCOSE SYRUP PRODUCTION IN NIGERIA; THE FEASIBILITY REPORT

Access our other Market Research Reports or investment opportunities in Nigeria by clicking on the link below

MARKET RESEARCH REPORTS IN NIGERIA
INVESTMENT OPPORTUNITIES IN NIGERIA

Do you require a business plan or feasibility report on the subject matter? Contact us with any of the details provided below to arrange a meeting

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MEAT AND BONE MEAL PRODUCTION AND EXPORT IN NIGERIA; NON-OIL EXPORT OPPORTUNITY IN NIGERIA.

Any nation that wants to develop must look inwards to identify areas where it has comparative advantage over other nations and seek to develop the identified areas.

Apart from hydrocarbon of which Nigeria is the sixth largest exporter of crude oil and has the second largest known deposit of natural gas in the world, Nigeria also has comparative advantage in the Agricultural sector, where varieties of crops and animals are produced and reared respectively due to favorable climatic condition, good soil structure and the fact that over 70% of the entire land mass of the country is arable.

Though agricultural production in Nigeria has declined over the years factors like high unemployment rate, the crash of the stock market in Nigeria and the global economic recession is having a positive effect on the agricultural sector especially in the production of micro-livestock’s like poultry, snail, fish, cow and goats. This renewed interest in agriculture has created a large and expanding market for animal feed in Nigeria that is estimated at over four million (4,000,000) MT annually

Animal feed are required for the proper development of livestock and depending on the type of livestock and the stage of production of the livestock some of the raw materials required in animal feed production includes maize, whole wheat, oyster shells, bone meal, meat meal, blood meal, fish meal, Soya cake, groundnut cake, palm kernel cake and a host of others.

Though the investor can make money supply the other products to the buyers around, the focus of this article would be on bone meal.

Bone meal is a mixture of crushed and coarsely ground bones that is used as an organic fertilizer for plants and in animal feed. As a slow-release fertilizer, bone meal is primarily used as a source of phosphorus.

As a fertilizer, the N-P-K ratio of bone meal is generally 4-12-0, though some steamed bone meals have N-P-Ks of 1-13-0. Bone meal is also an excellent organic source of calcium.

Organic fertilizers usually require the use of microbes/bacteria in the soil in order to make the nutrients in the fertilizer bio-available. That can result in irregular release of phosphorus/calcium. But in most cases, some meat can be deliberately left on the bone so that they can be processed for use in animal feed production and at such while bone meals are mostly used as fertilizers and meat and bone meals are most used in the preparation of animal feeds.

Meat and bone meal (MBM) is a product of the rendering industry. It is typically about 50% protein, 35% ash, 8-12% fat, and 4-7% moisture. It is primarily used in the formulation of animal feed to improve the amino acid profile of the feed.

Meat and bone meal has around two thirds the energy values of fossil fuels such as coal; the UK particular widely uses meat and bone meal for the generation of renewable electricity.

Nigeria, with a population of about 140 million is grossly underprovided with an essential food component, protein. For example, data from the FOS, CBN, and FAO indicate that from cattle, less than 2kg of beef is available to an average Nigerian per year and just mere 4kg of eggs per annum is available to each Nigerian.

In fact, milk production has been nose diving or at best has remained constant since 1994.This scenario is compounded more so when the volume of egg supply is very low, being 10.56g per person per day as compared with the usual recommendation that an egg should be consumed by an adult per day. This recommendation would imply a crate of 30 eggs per month. This story also holds for other meat products including, chicken.

To ameliorate this problem of low-level of protein intake, massive investment would be required in animal feed production which consumes about 70% of the cost of producing proteins of animal sources.

The market for animal feeds is large, expanding and sustainable hence driving the need for bone and meat meals and the materials can be sourced from abattoirs across Nigeria, processed and packaged and sold to willing, ready and able buyers. Both local and international buyers are interested in sourcing for quality bone and meat meals.

The investor can choose to with supplying the bone milling companies or start their own bone milling company and supply directly to the feed millers.

Depending on the scale the wants to engage in, the business can be started with between N 50,000 – N 500,000.

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365 Campaigner is a complete suite of social collaboration, communication and management tools for your team.

From List building solution to event announcement and CRM, 365 Campaigner provides everything you need to boost sales, step up productivity and manage all day-to-day activities. Tightly integrated.

365 Campaign is the one stop shop for digital marketing solutions for businesses, politicians, religious organizations and individuals. Visit www.365campaigner.com for more information.
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At Foraminifera Market Research {www.foramfera.com}, we provide bespoke and up to date market research reports for beginners and exporters already in the commodity export market.

Our reports are designed to assist start-ups to understand the legal and financial requirements of starting the business, the market trends vis-a-vis demand and supply, competition, risk identification and mitigation strategies.

You can order our detailed feasibility report on bone meal production in Nigeria by clicking on the link below.

Report Title: BONE MEAL PRODUCTION IN NIGERIA; THE FEASIBILITY REPORT.

Report Code: FORA/2014/BONEMEALPRODUCTION/2556638829

Report Title: BONE MEAL PRODUCTION AND EXPORT IN NIGERIA; THE FEASIBILITY REPORT.

Report Code: FORA/2013/300/BONEMEALEXPORT/88466

Do you require one- on- one consultancy on the subject matter? Contact us with any of the details provided below to arrange a meeting

Office Phone Number: 01- 295 24 13 {Monday – Saturday; 8 am – 5 pm}

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CC: foraminiferamarketresearch@yahoo.com

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Iyana Ejigbo Shopping Arcade,

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Iyana Ejigbo Bus Stop,

Ejigbo, Lagos.

POLYTHENE SHOPPING BAG PRODUCTION IN NIGERIA; THE OPPORTUNITIES.

Shopping bags are medium sized bags, typically around 10-20 litres (2.5 to 5 gallons) in volume (though much larger versions exist, especially for non-grocery shopping), that are often used by grocery shoppers to carry home their purchases. They can be single-use (disposable), used for other purposes (storage, can liners, etc.) or designed as reusable shopping bags.

In Nigeria, there are different local names for the product and this includes Santana, Toromagbe, Patanla etc. Polythene shopping bags can be produced in different shapes and design from virgin material {HDPE/LDPE} or recycled material {primary / secondary}. These raw  materials can be sourced locally. Some of the equipment required for ploythene shopping bag production includes film blowing machine ,T bag making machine , printing machine and Plastic Grinding Milling Granulator. The Printing machine is put together with film blowing machine.

The market for polythene shopping bag in Nigeria is national. With a population of over 165 million people and an estimated national population growth rate of 5.7% per annum ,an average economic growth rate of 3.5% per annum in the past five {5} years, Nigeria has a large market for polythene shopping bag.

The need demand for packaging is increasing every day. Packaging improves image and branding of a product, hence the need for shopping bags. Almost every business uses shopping bags these days ranging from supermarkets, eateries, banks (cash bags), boutique, and bookshop to road side shops thereby creating large demand for the product.

In fact, it is one of the fasted selling consumer goods in the country today. This is because its demand has a relationship with the level of demand for other goods. The product is demanded all year round and not affected by season; nevertheless, it has a greater demand during the raining season.
The supply gap situation in the country has created a market gap estimated at N 2.7 Billion annually in revenue.

In spite of the very high level of demand, the supply of polyethylene product is limited. This is basically as a result of high cost of setting up this type of project in the country.

The demand for polythene shopping bags would continue to expand as the standard of living of the over 165 million population growing at the rate of 5.7% per annum continues to grow.

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365 Campaigner is a complete suite of social collaboration, communication and management tools for your team.

From List building solution to event announcement and CRM, 365 Campaigner provides everything you need to boost sales, step up productivity and manage all day-to-day activities. Tightly integrated.

365 Campaign is the one stop shop for digital marketing solutions for businesses, politicians, religious organizations and individuals. Visit www.365campaigner.com for more information.
————————————————————————————————————————————————————–
At Foraminifera Market Research {www.foramfera.com}, we provide bespoke and up to date market research reports for beginners and on-going businesses in different sectors of the Nigerian economy.

Our reports are designed to assist start-ups to understand the legal and financial requirements of starting the business, the market trends vis-a-vis demand and supply, competition, risk identification and mitigation strategies.

You can order our detailed feasibility report on polythene shopping bag production in Nigeria by clicking on the link below.

Report Title: POLYTHENE SHOPPING BAG PRODUCTION IN NIGERIA; THE FEASIBILITY REPORT.

Report Code: FORA/08/2011/020

Do you require one- on- one consultancy on the subject matter? Contact us with any of the details provided below to arrange a meeting

Office Phone Number: 01- 295 24 13 {Monday – Saturday; 8 am – 5 pm}

Mobile Number: +234 {0} 8033782777;+ 234 (0) 908 335 7733 {Monday – Saturday; 8 am – 6 pm}

E-Mail Address: enquiries@foramfera.com

CC: foraminiferamarketresearch@yahoo.com

Office Address:

61-65 Egbe- Isolo Road,

Iyana Ejigbo Shopping Arcade,

Block C, Suite 39,

Iyana Ejigbo Bus Stop,

Ejigbo, Lagos.

TOILET ROLLS PRODUCTION IN NIGERIA; A VIABLE BUSINESS.

One major achievement of the present civilian administration in Nigeria in the past twelve (12) years is the growth of middle class which has been witnessed in the country. These growths continues to drive the increasing social and sanitary awareness of the need for hygienic and good quality living standard of people coupled with the geometrically exploding population and continued rural-urban drift continues to fuel the demand for toilet roll in the country.

Extensive market research has revealed that toilet rolls are an everyday consumer necessity used by everyone. Thus, the market is ongoing and is not dependent on economic cycles and can be described as a FMCG (fast-moving consumer goods) commodity market. There is also the opportunity of broadening and expanding the product offering to include disposable napkins, garage wipes, disposable baby and adult diapers as well as sanitary pads.

Toilet paper is one out of the three products that can be produced from jumbo reels. Others include kitchen towels and paper tableware. It is a soft paper product used to maintain personal hygiene after human defecation or urination.

However, it can also be used for other purposes such as absorbing spillages or craft projects. It differs in composition somewhat from facial tissue, and is designed to decompose in septic tanks, whereas some other bathroom and facial tissues do not.

In terms of layers, toilet roll can be single ply usually produced from recycled material or 2-3 ply produced from virgin material.

In 2004, the federal government of Nigeria banned the importation of finished toilet roll, serviette and face tissue in order to encourage local production of the product and create the much needed employment.

Though much as been achieved in terms of local production, the market is still experiencing a deficit in supply.
The market for toilet roll is national .With a population of over one hundred and sixty five million (165,000,000) people and an estimated national population growth rate of 5.7% per annum , average economic growth rate of 3.5% per annum in the past five (5) years ,Nigeria is a large ,expanding and sustainable market for toilet rolls.

Toilet roll is consumed on daily basis by all and sundry irrespective of age, social class or religion for sanitary and cleaning purposes and the market for toilet roll is expected to grow along the population growth trend and the amount of disposable income.

The fact that over 60% of the over one hundred and sixty five million (165,000,000) population of Nigeria are youths which also constitutes a greater majority of the middle class ,two (2) group of consumers that seeks for hygienic and good quality living standard further deepens the market.
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365 Campaigner is a complete suite of social collaboration, communication and management tools for your team.

From List building solution to event announcement and CRM, 365 Campaigner provides everything you need to boost sales, step up productivity and manage all day-to-day activities. Tightly integrated.

365 Campaign is the one stop shop for digital marketing solutions for businesses, politicians, religious organizations and individuals. Visit www.365campaigner.com for more information.
————————————————————————————————————————————————————–

At Foraminifera Market Research {www.foramfera.com}, we provide bespoke and up to date market research reports for start-ups and those already in business.

Our reports are designed to assist start-ups to understand the legal and financial requirements of starting the business, the market trends vis-a-vis demand and supply, competition, risk identification and mitigation strategies.

You can order our detailed business plan on Toilet roll production in Nigeria by clicking on the link below.

Report Title: TOILET ROLL PRODUCTION IN NIGERIA; THE FEASIBILITY REPORT

Report Code: FORA/08/2011/04

Do you require one- on- one consultancy on the subject matter? Contact us with any of the details provided below to arrange a meeting

Office Phone Number: 01- 295 24 13 {Monday – Saturday; 8 am – 5 pm}

Mobile Number: +234 {0} 8033782777 ;+ 234 (0) 908 335 7733 {Monday – Saturday; 8 am – 6 pm}

E-Mail Address: enquiries@foramfera.com

CC: foraminiferamarketresearch@yahoo.com

Office Address:

61-65 Egbe- Isolo Road,

Iyana Ejigbo Shopping Arcade,

Block C, Suite 39,

Iyana Ejigbo Bus Stop,

Ejigbo, Lagos.

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