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Proper management of solid waste is critical to the health and well-being of urban residents. In Lagos metropolis, like most cities in the developing world, several tons of municipal solid waste is left uncollected on the streets each day, clogging drains, creating feeding ground for pests that spread disease and creating a myriad of related health and infrastructural problems.

A substantial part of the urban residents in the city and suburban informal settlements of Lagos metropolis also have little or no access to solid waste collection services. This is due to lack of proper land use planning which resulted in the creation of informal settlements with narrow streets that make it difficult for collection trucks to reach many areas.

The result is that a large portion of the population is left without access to solid waste management making them particularly vulnerable.

Some of the waste generated includes paper, glass and plastic and with the use of technology, these products can be transformed into useful products again.

Waste plastic materials can be divided into two broad categories namely

1. Low Density
2. High Density

Low-density polyethylene (LDPE) is a thermoplastic made from petroleum and is commonly recycled and has the number “4” as its recycling symbol. LDPE is defined by a density range of 0.910–0.940 g/cm3. It is not reactive at room temperatures, except by strong oxidizing agents, and some solvents cause swelling. It can withstand temperatures of 80 °C continuously and 95 °C for a short time. Made in translucent or opaque variations, it is quite flexible, and tough but breakable. Examples of low density material are pure water sachets and cellophanes bags.

High-density polyethylene (HDPE) or polyethylene high-density (PEHD) is a polyethylene thermoplastic made from petroleum. It takes 1.75 kilograms of petroleum (in terms of energy and raw materials) to make one kilogram of HDPE. HDPE is commonly recycled, and has the number “2” as its recycling symbol. . An example of high density material is the one used in packaging pure water sachets.

It is important to state that not all plastic is considered economically viable.

Below is the list of materials accepted in the recycling business

Shopping Bags
Laundry Bags
Pure Water Sachets
Yogurt Wrappers
Soft Poly Bags
Hospital Drip Bags
Pop Corn Wrapper
Bread Wrapper

Below is the list of materials NOT accepted in the recycling business.

Indomie Noodles wrapper
Detergent Bags
Biscuit Wrappers
Milk Sachet
Tea Wrapper
Poly Propylene Bags

Recycling is an economic development tool as well as an environmental tool. Reuse, recycling, and waste reduction offer direct development opportunities for communities. When collected with skill and care, and upgraded with quality in mind, discarded materials are a local resource that can contribute to local revenue, job creation, business expansion, and the local economic base.

The raw materials are never in short supply as Lagos is known for its huge generation of waste. From figures available from LAWMA, 9,000 metric tonnes of waste is generated daily with about 1,200 metric tonnes being converted into other uses. This create room for the establishment of recycling plants in Lagos and indeed other states of the federation.

The investor can start the business through the following ways

1. Supplier/ Collector
2. Collection Center Operator
3. Recycler

As a supplier/ collector, the investor collect waste polythene materials from different sources and supplies to the collection center operator who processes the material and sell to the recyclers. The recyclers recycles the product and make useful to the plastic industries to use.

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At Foraminifera Market Research {}, we provide bespoke and up to date market research reports for start-ups and those already in business.

Our reports are designed to assist start-ups to understand the legal and financial requirements of starting the business, the market trends vis-a-vis demand and supply, competition, risk identification and mitigation strategies.

You can order our detailed feasibility report on waste plastic recycling in Nigeria by clicking on the link below.


Report Code: FORA/08/2011/042

We also have another report that examines the financial feasibility of establishing a waste polythene grinding plant in Nigeria. Click on the link below to access details of the report.


Report Code: FORA/08/2011/042/0564

Do you require one- on- one consultancy on the subject matter? Contact us with any of the details provided below to arrange a meeting

Office Phone Number: 01- 295 24 13 {Monday – Saturday; 8 am – 5 pm}

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